Home Site Map Abbreviations     Contributors Links Contact Us

Charts

                       

 

Introduction and History
People
Ships
Training
Surveys
Charts
Parallel and Support Projects
Vignettes
Special Projects
FOH Library
Links

 

Compilation Drafting Printing Elect. Charts Chart Dist.

Types of Charts
French Language Nautical Charts and Publications

Fisheries Charts
Small Boat Charts
Chart Production

TYPES OF CHARTS

FRENCH LANGUAGE NAUTICAL CHARTS AND PUBLICATIONS (1966 notes)

        Present policy is based on Section II of Deputy Minister's letter No. 54 dated June 25, 1959, which states:

"1.  Translate all tidal and current reports, sailing directions and pilots dealing with the St. Lawrence River and the Gulf.

 2.  Translate other publications of interest to French-speaking navigators or owners of pleasure craft (should  such               publications be issued)."

        Since this policy was stated, a French edition of a symbols and abbreviations sheet has been published and issued free. In 1962 six hundred copies of a French edition of the Quebec to Kingston Pilot was printed, but the sales since publication indicate that the continued translation of pilots is unwarranted. In 1965 a French edition of our chart Lac Saint-Jean was published. Starting in 1967, all tides and current tables, except British Columbia, will be issued in bilingual form.

        No complaints concerning this policy have been received from the public, reflecting the fact that navigation charts are designed to be used internationally and rely on a minimum knowledge of the language of publication. According to information available from the International Hydrographic Bureau, the majority of nautical charts are published in the English language.

FISHERIES CHARTS (1966 notes)

        Charts primarily designed for use of the fishing industry are produced by the Canadian Hydrographic Service. These are navigation charts showing a concentration of depth contours and sea-floor characteristics not normally appearing on a standard navigation chart, but which are of direct value to commercial fishermen in improving their catches. The Decca and Loran navigational lattices are overprinted on the charts.

        The Canadian Hydrographic Service has produced two charts off the Nova Scotia coast covering the fishing banks east and west of Sable Island. The first of these charts was published 1n1964 and the second in 1965.

        A complete survey for standard navigation charts of the Grand Banks, using electronic positioning equipment, is in progress. These charts are at a similar scale to the Fisheries Charts and will contain sufficient bathymetry for use of the fishing industry.

SMALL BOAT CHARTS (1966 notes)

        The Canadian Hydrographic Service was originally formed to meet the need of commercial navigation. To this has been added, in recent years, the requirements of defence, oceanography and recreational boating. Since 1945 the fastest growing group of chart users are owners of recreational pleasure craft. Department of Transport statistics for 1964 show that the number of licensed pleasure craft has increased by more than 1,400% since 1945, compared to an increase of 250% for registered commercial vessels.

        The CHS realized the need for a compact chart for small boat use and in 1962 began issuing series of folded charts. The five that have been issued to date have met with overwhelming public approval.

 

CHART PRODUCTION

1952    Standard charts................................44
          Arctic charts (provisional)....................43
          Chart reprints..................................18

1954    Standard charts (first editions)...............47
          Standard charts (new editions)...............50
          Arctic charts (first editions)................... 7
          Arctic charts (new editions) ..................11

1955    Standard charts (first editions)...............28
          Standard charts (new editions)...............44
          Arctic charts (first editions)...................22
          Arctic charts (new editions) ..................12

1956    Standard charts (first editions).............. 17
           Standard charts (new editions).............. 60
           Arctic charts (first editions)..................  3
           Arctic charts (new editions)..................  2

1959    Standard charts (first editions)............... 43
           Standard charts (new editions).............. 79
           Standard charts (corrected reprints)........ 24
           Special charts (new editions).................  2
           Decca latticed charts..........................  3

1962    New charts......................................  26
          Revised editions...............................  176
          Charts maintained by CHS....................  839

1963    New Charts.....................................   58

1964    New Charts.....................................   40
          Revised editions...............................    82

1965    New Charts.......................................   35
          New editions........................................   60
          Corrected reprints...............................   95
          Special charts reprinted.......................  37

1966    New charts........................................   27
          Other charts published.......................  260

1967    New charts..............................................   27
          Standard charts (new editions)...............   52
          Standard charts (corrected reprints)........  57
          Standard charts (reprints).......................... 15
          Supplementary prints..................................   2
          Special charts............................................. 30

1968    New charts ..............................................   35
          New editions ..............................................   52
          Corrected reprints .....................................   66
          Reprints ......................................................   11
          Special charts ............................................   19

1973    Standard charts (new editions).............. 108
          Standard charts (corrected reprints)........ 147
          Standard charts (reprints)..................... 29
          Metric charts published........................ 21
          Standard charts (bilingual).....................  4

1946 (January) The Canadian Surveyor
        Totals of all charts distributed during war years:

       1939........................................ 19,850
       1940........................................ 33,136
       1941........................................ 47,699
       1942........................................ 50,968
       1943........................................ 83,936
       1944....................................... 106,042
       1945....................................... 101,633

1954 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic publications distributed during the year:

Standard navigation charts  ..................................  63,667
Instructional, special charts  .................................  21,566
Pilots and Sailing Directions  ................................   2,002
Supplements to Pilots and Sailing Directions  ........      880
Tide Tables, 10 editions  .....................................  64,688

1955 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic publications distributed during the year:

Standard navigation charts  ..................................  74,980
Instructional, special charts  .................................  34,354
Pilots and Sailing Directions  ................................   1,651
Supplements to Pilots and Sailing Directions  ........      379
Tide Tables, 10 editions  .....................................  55,000
Water level Bulletins, graphs, etc. ........................  15,624

1956 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic publications distributed during the year:

Standard navigation charts  ..................................  81,242
Instructional, special charts  .................................  34,301
Pilots and Sailing Directions  ................................   2,077
Supplements to Pilots and Sailing Directions  ........      796
Tide Tables, 10 editions  .....................................  56,733
Water level Bulletins, graphs, etc. ........................  15,183

1958 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Standard navigation charts............................over 100,000 (from 1959 report: 104,500)

1959 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Standard navigation charts................................... 141,100

1962 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Charts................................................................. 156,000

1963 Annual Report:
        Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Standard charts.................................................   170,000
Various special charts........................................     47,000

1964 Annual Report:
        Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Standard and special charts................................   247,000

1965 Annual Report:
        Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Total number of charts........................................  253,197
Total hand corrections...................................... 1,560,451

1966 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Charts................................................................   250,000
Information Bulletins...........................................   165,000

1967 Annual Report:
         Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Charts.................................................................. 285,000

1968 Annual Report
         Hydrographic Publications distributed during the year:

Charts ................................................................  300,444